RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery)
Urinary system stone disease is a quite common health problem that affects 2-3% of people and causes serious problems if not treated. It occurs more frequently in hot and arid climate zones, is associated with genetic factors and nutrition; our country is one of the countries where the incidence of stone is relatively high.
In the last decade of the 20th century, the human population will increase by 1 billion, but in the next 25 years it will approach 2 billion. A person born in 1920 shared this world with 1.5 billion people and now shares it with 6 billion people. In our lives, a rapidly aging population (> 65 years old) and very old (> 85) populations are formed. As the elderly population triples, a 20-35% decline in the number of children is foreseen.
While prostate diseases, which are the most common disease group in men in the world, are seen as prostate infections in younger ages; it appears as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer (PCa) more after the age of 50.
The word prostate comes from the word "prostates", which is derived from a Greek word. Its meaning is standing in front, guard and protector. The size of a normal prostate in a healthy male is as a large walnut. The weight of the prostate is between 10 and 20 grams. It is located at the base of the urinary bladder and it also surrounds the urinary tract.